When to Plant Broccoli in North Carolina

North Carolina is home to many kinds of weather, patches of fog, and seasons. It has the best climate in the United States.

The main thing you will notice when you come here is that there is no such thing as a bad time to plant broccoli. There will be some freezing days and normal weather at other times. With the proper annual planning, you can even plant earlier than March 15, which is unnecessary in most regions. 

In this article, I will explain what planting months are best for broccoli in North Carolina and how to decide which. There will be a brief explanation of the different kinds of weather, and maybe some more information about temperature.

Planting Broccoli in North Carolina

The best planting time for broccoli in North Carolina is from March-August 1- September 15. If you live under the USDA zone 7, you can plant broccoli from March 15. The common in North Carolina is to plant broccoli around April 1 since this is when the weather becomes warmer and the bugs are less active. However, if you are planting seedlings, it’s a good idea to start earlier so they will have time to grow before frost.

How to Care for Broccoli Plants

You will need to pay attention to how your broccoli is doing to get good-sized florets full of delicious greens. Broccoli is a heavy feeder (meaning it needs a lot of compost for growth), so give it a boost after planting. If you need to fertilize, you can use foliar sprays in the spring. When using compost, ensure it has lots of nitrogen (urea) and phosphorus. You may also try adding a blood meal or fish meal to supplement your compost if it lacks either.

Common Pests of Broccoli

Cabbage root flies, cabbage root, and cabbage beetle are susceptible to pests. Neem is a powerful organo-phosphate pesticide that can be used for the hand removal of visible pests. Insecticidal soap and neem can be used for hand removal of pests, but for best results, apply pyrethrin or rotenone as a soil drench.

Companion Planting Broccoli in North Carolina

Companion planting is an easy way to know what plants thrive together. This North Carolina garden guide will tell you about broccoli and broccoli seedlings for many other plants. You’ll find suggestions for hot peppers, onions, and radishes. You’ll also find a detailed chart and list of other vegetables that are good to plant with broccoli.

This is what pairs well with Broccoli:

  • Herbs- basil, oregano, lemongrass, lemon balm
  • Vegetables- potatoes, onion, leeks & celery, shallots,

Avoid planting Broccoli with following

  • Tomatoes
  • Eggplant
  • Any member of the Nightshade Family.
  • Hot Peppers (jalapeno, poblano, cayenne, etc.)

Appearance of broccoli in garden

Broccoli will look different at various stages of growth.

  1. Broccoli Growing on (3-4 weeks)
  2. Seedling
  3. Broccoli at Harvest
  4. Broccoli that has bolted (gone to flower)

Harvesting Broccoli

Harvesting Broccoli is relatively easy. However, the work can usually be done at home. The easiest way is to tie a string around the stems. This will allow you to hang up all of your broccoli in one place to harvest it easily. Consider growing your broccoli if you do not have a garage or tucked-away area for vegetable storage. Harvest broccoli when the head is fully developed before the individual buds open. To get the timing right, you must conduct daily garden walks with a harvest basket and clippers.


What is the best month to plant broccoli?

Broccoli is a cool-season crop, so it should be started early- or late spring for a summer or fall crop. It’s a good idea to start with compact plants, so they will grow better and produce more. With cooler-season seeds, you should know your soil temperature at night by the end of July to determine when to plant them. In warmer climates, broccoli can be planted midsummer for a fall crop.

How late can broccoli be planted?

Sowed crops in early July through August, depending on your zone. Know the days to harvest for the particular variety you wish to grow. Broccoli and cabbage can range from 70-95 days, so plant according to the plant variety.

Is broccoli hard to grow?

Broccoli can be grown all year round, providing nutritious heads and leaves. Broccolis are hardy and can be harvested from March to June.

Can I plant broccoli in the fall?

Sow outdoors in February for transplanting in April. Broccoli is a cool-season crop that can be planted in the fall for winter use or ripening. You can also start seeds indoors before the last frost and transplant them directly into the garden about two weeks after the last frost date.

What is the best way to plant broccoli?

Broccoli crop that needs plenty of sunshine; sow in spring or fall after all danger of frost has disappeared. For maximum yield and quality, space plants by at least 2 inches. If you have an area in your garden that lacks sunshine, try planting the seedlings in pots and moving them as they grow. In this way, you will not have to thin as closely. Plan for your garden to be at least 18 inches away from the sidewalk, driveway, and street.

How much broccoli do you get from one plant?

Harvesting one large head will yield several smaller flower heads over the next few weeks. One plant can produce about seven to 10 flowers. You can also harvest these smaller heads and use them in stir-fries or salads.

Does broccoli come back every year?

Broccoli plants can go to seed in the first year, although there are no varieties that come back year after year. Broccoli doesn’t come back yearly, but it can be a fairly reliable crop.

Are there plants that resemble broccoli?

Broccoli should not be confused with either cauliflower or brussels sprouts. These have similar-looking heads but have different tastes and smells.

Can I Plant Broccoli From Seed?

Yes, it is possible to plant broccoli seeds. While transplanting young plants is not a good idea, you can definitely take home seedlings. However, since the plants will be smaller and less mature, they should not be treated like mature ones. They are more likely to suffer from problems because of age and lack of experience.


In this article, we have tried to provide you with all the information and steps needed about broccoli and how to get the most from your broccoli harvest. We hope you’ve enjoyed reading about this wonderful vegetable and wish you all the best with your broccoli. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask.