Male And Female Watermelon: Differences and Features

Watermelon is a popular fruit known for its refreshing taste and high water content, making it a perfect summer snack. However, not many people know that there are different types of watermelons, namely male and female. While both types share many similarities, they also have distinct differences in appearance, taste, and even how they grow.

In this article, we will explore the unique features and characteristics of male and female watermelons, shedding light on identifying and differentiating between the two types.

Male Vs. Female Watermelon

Male and female watermelons can be differentiated by their physical features, taste, and even how they grow.

Firstly, the most apparent difference between the two types is their shape. Male watermelons are typically elongated and oval-shaped, while female watermelons are round and plump. Additionally, female watermelons tend to be larger than male watermelons.

Secondly, there is a difference in taste between male and female watermelons. Male watermelons are often described as having a sweeter and more refreshing taste, while female watermelons are less sweet and have a firmer texture.

Lastly, the way they grow is also distinct. Male watermelons have fewer seeds than female watermelons and are more commonly used for their juice or as a garnish. On the other hand, female watermelons are preferred for their flesh and are usually used for consumption.

In summary, while male and female watermelons have similar characteristics, including their high water content and nutritional value, their differences in shape, taste, and use make them unique.

Male And Female Watermelon Flowers

Watermelon flowers are an essential aspect of the fruit’s reproduction process.

 Male Watermelon Flowers

Male watermelon flowers are long and slender with a thin stems. They typically grow on long; branching stems that can produce multiple flowers. The male flower contains the stamen, the plant’s male reproductive organ. The stamen comprises a thin filament with a pollen-containing anther at the top.

When the flower blooms, the anther releases pollen, which bees or other pollinators can carry to the female watermelon flower. While male flowers are essential for pollination, they do not produce fruit. Instead, they serve to fertilize the female flower to enable fruit production.

Male watermelon flowers typically bloom before female flowers and have a shorter lifespan, lasting only a few days.

Female Watermelon Flowers

Female watermelon flowers, in contrast to male flowers, are larger and rounder in shape. They grow on short stems close to the base of the watermelon plant. The female flower contains the pistil, which is the plant’s female reproductive organ. The pistil is composed of a stigma, style, and ovary.

When the stigma is pollinated, it triggers the growth of the fruit, which eventually develops from the ovary. Female watermelon flowers are typically pollinated by bees or other pollinators, which carry the pollen from the male flowers to the female flower’s stigma.

Once pollinated, the female flower will begin to produce fruit, which will continue to grow and mature until it is ready for harvest. Female watermelon flowers are usually larger than male flowers and have a longer lifespan, lasting up to a week or more.


Pollination is a crucial process for the growth and development of watermelon plants. It involves the transfer of pollen from the male flower to the female flower, fertilizing the ovules in the female flower’s ovary, ultimately leading to fruit development.

Pollination in watermelon plants is primarily accomplished by bees, which are attracted to the flower’s nectar and pollen. When a bee visits a male flower, it collects pollen from the anther and transfers it to the female flower’s stigma as it seeks nectar.

This process ensures that the ovules in the female flower’s ovary are fertilized with the pollen from the male flower, leading to fruit development. Proper pollination is critical for watermelon plants to produce high-quality fruit.

Insufficient pollination can result in small, misshapen, or underdeveloped fruits, while over-pollination can cause the fruit to be seedy and have poor quality. Environmental factors such as wind, humidity, and temperature can also affect pollination rates and fruit quality.

Therefore, farmers and gardeners must ensure that watermelon plants have adequate access to pollinators and create suitable environmental conditions to promote pollination for optimal fruit development.

How To Avoid Cross-pollination?

Cross-pollination occurs when pollen from one plant is transferred to the stigma of a different variety of the same plant species, resulting in a hybrid fruit with traits from both parent plants.

If you want to avoid cross-pollination between different varieties of watermelon, you can take several measures:

  1. Physical separation: Physically separating the different varieties of watermelon can prevent cross-pollination. You can do this by planting different varieties at least 1/2 to 1 mile apart or using a physical barrier such as a tall hedge, fence, or greenhouse.
  2. Planting time: Another option is to stagger the planting time of different watermelon varieties. This method can prevent flowers of different varieties from blooming simultaneously and reduce the likelihood of cross-pollination.
  3. Hand-pollination: Hand-pollination is another effective way to control pollination in watermelon plants. This method involves manually transferring pollen from the male flower to the female flower’s stigma using a small brush or cotton swab. Hand-pollination ensures that only the desired pollen is transferred, preventing cross-pollination.

By taking these measures, you can prevent cross-pollination and ensure that your watermelon plants produce fruit that is true to their original variety.

More Facts About Watermelons

Here are some more interesting facts about watermelons:

  1. Watermelons are native to Africa: Watermelons are believed to have originated in the Kalahari Desert of Africa, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years.
  2. They are part of the cucumber family: Watermelons belong to the same family as cucumbers, squash, and pumpkins – the Cucurbitaceae family.
  3. The largest watermelon ever grown weighed over 350 pounds: The world record for the heaviest watermelon ever grown was set in 2013 by Chris Kent, who grew a watermelon that weighed 350.5 pounds in Tennessee, USA.
  4. Watermelons are 92% water: Watermelons are one of the most hydrating fruits, with a water content of 92%. They are a great source of hydration, especially during hot summer days.
  5. Seedless watermelons are not genetically modified: Seedless watermelons are not genetically modified but result from a natural hybridization process. Seedless watermelons are produced by cross-breeding a diploid and a tetraploid watermelon, resulting in a sterile triploid watermelon that cannot produce viable seeds.
  6. The rind and seeds are edible: The watermelon rind and seeds are also edible and have many health benefits. The rind is high in citrulline, an amino acid beneficial for the immune system, and the seeds are a good source of protein, fiber, and minerals.
  7. Watermelons have been used for medicinal purposes: In traditional medicine, watermelon has been used to treat various ailments, including fever, dehydration, and inflammation.

Overall, watermelons are a delicious and refreshing fruit with many health benefits and interesting facts.

How To Tell If A Watermelon Is Ripe And Sweet?

Here are some tips on how to tell if a watermelon is ripe and sweet:

  1. Look for a yellow or creamy underside: A ripe watermelon will have a yellow or creamy underside where it is resting on the ground. If the underside is still white, the watermelon is not ripe.
  2. Check for dull skin: A ripe watermelon will have dull skin, while an unripe one will be shiny. Also, the skin should be firm but not too hard and give slightly when pressed.
  3. Tap it: Give the watermelon a tap and listen for a deep, hollow sound. A ripe watermelon will produce a deeper sound than an unripe one.
  4. Check the stripes: The stripes on a watermelon should be dark green and well-defined. If they are pale or indistinct, the watermelon may not be ripe.
  5. Weight: A ripe watermelon should feel heavy for its size. This indicates that it has a high water content and is likely sweet.
  6. Smell it: A ripe watermelon should have a sweet, fruity aroma. If it doesn’t have any smell or smells slightly sour, it may not be fully ripe.

By using these methods, you can select a ripe and sweet watermelon that is ready to eat and enjoy.

Watermelon Varieties

There are many different watermelon varieties, each with its unique characteristics. Here are some of the most common watermelon varieties:

  1. Crimson Sweet: This is a classic watermelon variety with a deep red, juicy flesh, and a thin rind. It is among the most popular watermelon varieties due to its sweet flavor and high yield.
  2. Sugar Baby: This smaller watermelon variety is perfect for individual servings. It has deep red flesh and dark green, almost black, rind. The flavor is sweet and refreshing.
  3. Charleston Gray: This large watermelon variety can weigh up to 30 pounds. It has a light green rind and sweet, juicy flesh perfect for making watermelon juice or smoothies.
  4. Jubilee: This popular watermelon variety has a striped green and light green rind and a deep red, juicy flesh. It is a large variety that is perfect for sharing.
  5. Yellow Crimson: This watermelon variety has yellowish-orange flesh and a thin rind. It has a sweet, fruity flavor and is perfect for adding a pop of color to fruit salads.
  6. Moon and Stars: This watermelon variety has a dark green rind with yellow spots that resemble stars and sweet, juicy flesh. It is a rare variety that is popular with gardeners.

These are just a few of the wide watermelon varieties available. Each variety has unique flavor, texture, and appearance, making watermelons a versatile and delicious fruit.

For Those Who Want To Know More

For those who want to know more about watermelons, various resources are available. Here are a few suggestions:

  1. Books: Many books are available on watermelons, ranging from cookbooks to gardening guides. “The Watermelon King” by Daniel Wallace is a fictional novel that explores watermelons’ history and cultural significance. “The Complete Guide to Growing Your Fruits and Berries: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply” by Kimberly Byrne is a practical guide to growing watermelons and other fruits in your backyard.
  2. Farmers’ markets: Visiting your local farmers’ market is a great way to learn about watermelons and other fruits and vegetables. Farmers are often happy to share their knowledge about the produce they grow and can provide tips on selecting, storing, and preparing watermelons.
  3. Museums: If you’re interested in the history of watermelons, consider visiting a museum. The Southern Food and Beverage Museum in New Orleans, Louisiana, has an exhibit dedicated to watermelons, including the history of watermelon cultivation and its cultural significance.

Overall, many resources are available for those who want to learn more about watermelons, from books and online resources to farmers’ markets and museums.

What Determines the Taste of Watermelons?

Several factors contribute to the taste of watermelons, including:

  1. Sugar content: Sugar content is one of the primary factors determining the taste of watermelons. As watermelons ripen, their sugar content increases, contributing to their sweetness.
  2. Water content: The water content of a watermelon also affects its taste. Watermelons with a higher water content tend to have a milder flavor, while those with a lower water content have a more intense flavor.
  3. Soil quality: The soil quality of the watermelon can also affect its taste. Soil that is rich in nutrients and minerals can help to enhance the flavor of the watermelon.
  4. Growing conditions: Growing conditions such as temperature, humidity, and sunlight can also impact the taste of watermelons. Optimal growing conditions can help develop the fruit’s full flavor potential.
  5. Variety: Different watermelon varieties have different flavor profiles. Some varieties are sweeter and more flavorful than others, while others have a milder taste.

Overall, the taste of watermelons is influenced by a combination of factors, including sugar and water content, soil quality, growing conditions, and variety. By selecting high-quality watermelons grown under optimal conditions, you can enjoy this delicious fruit’s full flavor and sweetness.

Which Watermelon is Sweeter, Male or Female?

The sweetness of a watermelon is not determined by its gender (male or female). The gender of the watermelon refers to the flower it produces, which is necessary for pollination and fruit production.

Both male and female watermelons can be equally sweet and delicious, and their sweetness is determined by sugar and water content, growing conditions, and variety.

When selecting a watermelon, it is important to look for one that is ripe and has a uniform shape, a dull green color, and a creamy yellow spot where it has been resting on the ground. These indicators can help you choose a sweet and delicious watermelon, regardless of its gender.

How Many Seeds Are In A Male Watermelon?

Whether male or female, watermelons do not produce seeds until they have been pollinated. Male watermelon flowers do not produce fruits, so they do not have seeds. Instead, they produce pollen necessary for fertilizing the female flowers to produce fruit.

The number of seeds in a mature female watermelon can vary depending on the variety and growing conditions, but on average, watermelons can have anywhere from 200 to 800 seeds.

What Color Is A Male Watermelon?

Male watermelons do not have a specific color distinguishing them from female watermelons. The gender of a watermelon is determined by the flower it produces, with male flowers being smaller and producing only pollen. In comparison, female flowers are larger and produce fruit once pollinating.

Watermelon fruit can have different colors depending on the variety and growing conditions, but they are typically green with lighter or darker stripes. As the watermelon ripens, the stripes may fade, and the skin may develop a yellowish tint.

When selecting a watermelon, look for one with a uniform shape and a dull, matte finish, as shiny watermelons may not be ripe. The spot where the watermelon rested on the ground should also be creamy yellow, which indicates that it has been allowed to ripen fully on the vine.

Do Male And Female Watermelons Taste Different?

Male and female watermelons do not taste different from each other. The gender of a watermelon is determined by the flower it produces, with male flowers producing only pollen and female flowers producing fruit once they have been pollinated.

The taste of a watermelon is determined by factors such as sugar and water content, soil quality, growing conditions, and variety. Both male and female watermelons can be equally sweet and delicious if they are ripe and grown under optimal conditions.

When selecting a watermelon, look for one that is ripe and has a uniform shape, a dull green color, and a creamy yellow spot where it has been resting on the ground. These indicators can help you choose a sweet and delicious watermelon, regardless of its gender.


In conclusion, watermelons are a delicious and refreshing fruit that many people worldwide enjoy. The gender of a watermelon, whether male or female, is determined by the flower it produces, with male flowers producing only pollen and female flowers producing fruit once they have been pollinated.

When selecting a watermelon, factors such as sugar and water content, soil quality, growing conditions, and variety are more important than its gender. You can enjoy the full flavor and sweetness of this delicious fruit by choosing a ripe watermelon that has been grown under optimal conditions.

Whether you prefer seedless or seeded, red or yellow, or any other available varieties, watermelons are a tasty and healthy addition to any diet.